Banking Industry Reports

Our Quarterly Banking Industry Reports are designed as a tool for top executives to get a quick, yet deep understanding of the banking industry in Puerto Rico and Dominican Republic.

Our Banking Industry Reports are designed to provide top banking executives with a brief three page report with enough depth in order to augment their decision making. It is strictly based on publicly available information and only distributed to a selected set of clients or potential clients in the banking industry. The report is divided in five sections:

  • Our Perspective. Concise and synthesized overview of the industry and our perspective about it.
  • Profitability. Understanding of the level and source of profitability (ROE and ROA) of the players.
  • Asset Quality and Risk. Review of capitalization levels vs. minimum levels required, asset portfolio composition and NPLs analysis.
  • Productivity. Identify sources of productivity performance and compare vs. competitors.
  • Liquidity. Describe the dynamics on funding sources, market share of deposits, and brokered deposits levels.

PR Banking Industry Report Q2 2019

The local banking industry showed strong profitability in Q2 2019, closing the first half of the year with an annualized Pre-Tax ROE of 14.7%. The second quarter of 2019 is the fifth consecutive quarter that local banks report double digit profitability levels on a consolidated basis. This level of profitability had not been seen since prior to the onset of the 2006 economic downturn. Local banks have been reporting robust earnings growth despite operating in a challenging market. Notwithstanding year-over-year improvements in some economic indicators, others remain weak. The Economic Activity Index increased by 5.8% in FY 2019 after six consecutive years of decline, but as of June 2019 it remained below pre-hurricane (August 2017) levels. In this issue we examine total deposits trends and banks’ branch footprint. Total industrywide deposits reached $60.0 billion in 2009, falling by $14.9 billion or 25% to $45.1 billion by 2016. However, 2016 marks a reversal of this downward trend, with total deposits reaching $57.7 billion by the end of Q2 2019, an increase of $12.6 billion or 28%. On the other hand, the number of branches has declined steadily from 493 in 2009 to 296 at the end of Q2 2019, a decrease of 40% or 197 in the 10-year period. As a result, average deposits of branches have increased significantly in the past three years, from $141.0 million in 2016 to $194.9 million in YTD 2019. Given that physical coverage still plays a strategic role, banks will need to continue identifying opportunities to increase coverage and/or further reduce their footprint.

Informe de V2A sobre la banca de RD - Enero a Marzo 2019

En el primer trimestre de 2019 la economía dominicana se mantuvo en crecimiento, reflejando un aumento del Índice Mensual de Actividad Económica (IMAE) de 5.7%, una inflación de 2.91% y una depreciación del peso dominicano de 2.95% respecto al mismo período de 2018. Alineado a esto, la rentabilidad de la industria bancaria se mantiene positiva con un ROE promedio de 19.7% en el top 5 de la banca, con Banco del Progreso siendo el único banco con una disminución significativa respecto al año anterior, presumiblemente relacionado al proceso de fusión con Scotia Bank. En medio del crecimiento de la economía dominicana, el Banco Central anunció en mayo la liberación de $29 mil millones de encaje legal, aumentando así la liquidez de los bancos y fomentando aún más el crecimiento de la cartera crediticia de la industria. En esta edición repasaremos en detalle el estado de la liquidez actual, y los que creemos que serán factores claves de éxito para la capitalización del aumento en la capacidad de préstamo.

PR Banking Industry Report Q1' 2019

The local banking industry kicked off the year with a strong performance in the first quarter of 2019, posting an industry-wide Pre-Tax ROE of 14.9%, the highest level of profitability since 2005. Popular led the way with the highest level of profitability, achieving a Pre-Tax ROE of 21.0%, followed by Oriental (14.6%), FirstBank (10.9%), Santander (8.9%), and Scotia (6.3%). Furthermore, the capital position of the industry is exceedingly strong, posting a Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital Ratio of 21.8%, credit quality metrics continue to improve, registering a nonperforming loans ratio of 6.3%, deposits continue to surge, and the industry-wide credit portfolio is stable. Local banks, which have learned to effectively navigate through turbulent economic waters, are well positioned to seize opportunities during the post-disaster reconstruction period. The pace of disbursements of the $45 - $50 billion in federal disaster relief funds which have been allocated thus far has been very slow, resulting in a lackluster effect on the local economy. In this issue, we review the latest trends of loan originations and outstanding credit portfolio, both in terms of growth and loan type mix. The mortgage lending business has reduced significantly and is likely to continue this downward trend given demographic changes, lower rates of household formation, and higher interest rates. As a result, banks may have to rethink their mortgage business going forward, including their mortgage servicing business. On the other hand, the consumer and commercial loan segments may help compensate for the drop in mortgage activity given the most recent consumption and economic activity indicators.

Informe de V2A sobre la banca de RD - Enero a Diciembre 2018

La rentabilidad de los bancos múltiples (Top 5 consolidado) en la República Dominicana se mantuvo en ascenso durante el 2018, logrando un 22.4% de ROE antes de impuestos frente a un 20.5% en el 2017. De igual forma, la tasa de eficiencia (productividad) del Top 5 de la banca múltiple mejoró de 67.2% en 2017 a 66.1% en 2018, alineado con el aumento de la rentabilidad. La solvencia de los bancos se situó en 15.9% registrando una reducción continuada con respecto a años anteriores (17.1% en 2016 y 16.9% en 2017). El sector de las Asociaciones de Ahorros y Préstamos (AA&P) sigue manteniendo una participación de mercado en cartera crediticia relevante, aunque por debajo de la banca múltiple (86.95% de la banca múltiple vs 10.21% de las AA&P). Si bien existe una diferencia sustancial en ROE entre los dos tipos de entidades (21.76% en la banca múltiple vs 9.91% en las AA&P), la brecha es más ajustada en ROA (2.27% en la banca múltiple vs 1.94% en las AA&P).

PR Banking Industry Report Q4' 2018

The Puerto Rico banking industry closed the year 2018 on a high note, registering a Pre-Tax ROE of 14%, the highest level of profitability since 2005. The divergence between the profitability of local banks and US commercial banks narrowed significantly in 2018 with US commercial banks reporting a Pre-Tax ROE of 15.1%. The local banking industry has become increasingly concentrated with Popular holding $37.9 billion (58%) in assets of an industry total of $65.9 billion, and the three largest banks, i.e. Popular, FirstBank and Oriental, accounting for 84% of the total. The industry-wide cost to income reached 55.9% in 2018, the lowest level since prior to the onset of the economic downturn of 2006. With few opportunities to deploy excess capital, capital levels continue to strengthen with an industry level Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital Ratio of 21.7% in 2018, compared to less than 10% in 2008. Asset quality has also been moving in the right direction, with the industry closing 2018 with a nonperforming loans ratio of 6.8%. Concerns over post-hurricane asset quality deterioration have largely dissipated. The strong profitability performance of banks in 2018 was accompanied by a strengthening of their balance sheets with total assets increasing by 5.7%, deposits by 7.9% and the industry credit portfolio by 2.8%. Given the latest trends in profitability levers, upcoming recovery funds and economic forecasts, we expect a similar or even stronger performance in 2019.

Informe de V2A sobre la banca de RD - Enero a Septiembre 2018

Los cinco principales bancos múltiples de la República Dominicana (Top 5 consolidado) siguen mostrando una alta rentabilidad al cierre del tercer trimestre del 2018, con un ROE antes de impuestos de 23.6% anualizado, impulsado por una economía en franco crecimiento (i.e. variación interanual del PIB real durante el periodo de enero a septiembre de 2018 de 6.9%). Vemos también un crecimiento saludable en la cartera de crédito de los bancos y gastos sobre ingresos relativamente bajos, factores que inciden también en la rentabilidad. Popular, BHDLeón y Banreservas, los principales bancos que conjuntamente administran 90% del total de activos del Top 5 y 77% de la industria, reportaron los niveles de rentabilidad más altos al cierre del tercer trimestre de 2018, con ROE pre-impuestos de 27.4%, 26.6% y 23.5%, respectivamente. Progreso y Scotia, bancos que gestionan el restante 10% de activos del Top 5, registraron ROEs pre-impuestos de 17.2% y 9.6%, respectivamente. Además, el índice de solvencia del Top 5 se situó en 17.0% en agosto del 2018, muy por encima del mínimo regulatorio de 10% establecido por ley. Finalmente, en este número analizamos la evolución de las carteras de crédito de la banca múltiple, donde observamos crecimientos elevados acompañados de una mejora en la tasa de morosidad para la mayoría de bancos.

PR Banking Industry Report Q3' 2018

The positive momentum in the local banking industry continued to build in the third quarter of 2018, following the historic and highly disruptive 2017 Atlantic hurricane season. The industry-wide Pre-Tax ROE in Q3 2018 reached 13.7%, following a strong first half of 2018 (Pre-Tax ROE of 8.3% in Q1 2018 and 17.4% in Q2 2018), yielding a YTD 2018 Pre-Tax ROE of 13.1%. These profitability levels have not been seen since 2005, prior to the onset of the prolonged and deep economic downturn. Concerns over the deterioration of asset quality have further abated given the latest quarterly delinquency levels. The Q3 2018 industry-wide nonperforming loans ratio stood at 7.6% from a peak of 9.2% in the wake of the hurricanes. Furthermore, after the temporal and non-recurring impact of Hurricanes Irma and Maria on the banks’ income and expenses, banking productivity levels improved materially, reaching a cost to income ratio of 56.5% in YTD 2018 from 63.8% in 2017. Capital buffers remain exceedingly strong, with a consolidated Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital ratio of 20.9%. Going forward, strong banking performance is expected to continue given the billions of dollars in public and private post-disaster reconstruction funds that will be increasingly flowing through the economy and financial system. Lastly, in this issue, we benchmarked the profitability performance of local banks against that of similar-sized United States peer banks since 2015, also breaking down profitability by income and expense levers to help explain what drove the differences in YTD 2018.

Informe de V2A sobre la Banca de RD - Enero a Junio 2018

Los cinco principales bancos múltiples de la República Dominicana (Top 5) siguen mostrando un alto nivel de rentabilidad en la primera mitad del 2018 (ROE antes de impuestos del 23.8%). Les acompaña un crecimiento económico superior al 6% que podría peligrar si los precios del petróleo siguen subiendo y el Banco Central Dominicano tiene que seguir aumentando la tasa de intermediación bancaria. El semestre cierra con la noticia de la compra de Banco del Pro-greso Dominicano por parte de ScotiaBank. Esta compra deja a tan solo 4 bancos con el 86% de los activos de la banca múltiple (75% de los activos del sistema financiero dominicano) y a otros 13 bancos con el 14% restante. Por tanto, las oportunidades de seguir creciendo inorgánicamente por parte de los cuatro grandes se reducen considerablemente, dada la limitada cuota de mercado de los demás bancos múltiples. Como veremos en el informe, Scotia se afianza en la cuarta posición aunque lejos todavía de BHDLeón y tendrá oportunidades de consolidación de sucursales dada la ubicación de las del Banco del Progreso.

PR Banking Industry Report Q2' 2018

The local banking industry’s profitability on a consolidated basis has rebounded strongly in the wake of Hurricanes Irma and Maria, reaching a Pre-Tax ROE of 17.4% in Q2 2018, making it the highest quarterly profitability level in a decade. The liquidity position of local banks, particularly of Popular, has experienced a material improvement, with total deposits reaching $54.1 billion as of the end of Q2 2018 from $48.8 billion in Q3 2017, a $5.3 billion or 10.9% increase. Hurricane-related private insurance claims paid out to policyholders and post-disaster federal assistance funds deposited in private banks have largely driven this surge in deposits. This newfound liquidity will need to be put to productive use, either through increased lending or investments. The unadjusted nonperforming loans ratio showed some improvement in Q2 2018, decreasing from 9.2% to 8.8%, temporarily appeasing concerns of a spike in delinquencies. Capital positions of banks continue exceedingly strong, reporting an industry-wide Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital Ratio of 21.5%. The deployment of excess capital through organic and inorganic growth opportunities (e.g. Popular’s Reliable purchase), stock repurchases or dividend payments to shareholders must be strategically pondered. Moreover, in this revamped issue we analyze Post-Hurricane Maria foreclosure relief efforts and their impact on banks and the housing market.

PR Banking Industry Report Q1 2018

The local banking industry as a whole registered a Pre-Tax ROE of 8.3% in Q1 2018, rebounding back to pre-hurricane levels, after dipping down to -0.6% in Q3 2017 and 1.6% in Q4 2017. All banks except Scotia posted positive Pre-Tax ROEs fluctuating from 7.6% to 11.1%. Other key banking indicators have also returned to pre-hurricane levels. The industry cost to income ratio reached 61.6% in Q1 2018 after a spike in Q4 2017 due to non-recurring, storm-related expenses. Capital adequacy metrics returned to an upward trajectory, reaching a Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital Ratio of 21.8%, providing a robust cushion for potential future losses and excess capital to acquire promising portfolios of assets for sale. On the other hand, concerns over the potential deterioration of asset quality have returned given the uptick in delinquency ratios. Moreover, in this issue, we provide a brief overview of the latest trends concerning International Banking and Financial Entities (IBEs/ IFEs). As of the end of Q1 2018, IBEs managed $50.6 billion in assets while IFEs managed 4.1 billion, jointly representing 39% of the total assets of Puerto Rico’s financial sector, making them the 2nd largest player on the island’s financial sector. Profitability and productivity of these entities have been on a healthy path since 2011.

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